The ancient Egyptian were possibly the first civilisation
to practice the scientific arts. Indeed, the word chemistry is derived from
the word Alchemy which is the ancient name for
Where the Egyptian really excelled was in medicine and applied mathematics. But although there is a large body of papyrus literature describing their achievements in medicine, there is no records of how they reached their mathematical conclusions. Of course they must have had an advanced understanding of the subject because their exploits in engineering, astronomy and administration would not have been possible without it.
The Egyptian had a decimal system using seven different symbols.
The conventions for reading and writing numbers is quite simple; the higher number is always written in front of the lower number and where there is more than one row of numbers the reader should start at the top.